British sculptor and draughtsman. He was made a CH in 1955 and appointed to the OM in 1963. The son of a Yorkshire miner, Moore studied at Leeds School of Art after doing his military service and then at the Royal College of Art, London (1921–24). He assimilated a variety of influences, including medieval and primitive sculpture and the pre-Columbian art of Mexico, as can be seen in his Mother and Child (1924–25). After travelling in Italy Moore taught at the RCA and in 1926 he completed the first of his many public commissions, the figure of North Wind for the London Transport headquarters. In 1930 Moore joined the abstraction-oriented Seven and Five Society and from 1932 to 1939 he taught at the Chelsea School of Art. Between 1930 and 1936 he explored surrealism and nonobjective geometrical sculpture before returning to organic and human forms, particularly the reclining figure.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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