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(b Bourges, 14 Jan. 1841; d Paris, 2 Mar. 1895). French painter and printmaker, a central figure of the Impressionist group. Fragonard was her great-grandfather and she was brought up in a highly cultured atmosphere; her training included some informal tuition from Corot. In 1864, at her first attempt, she had two pictures accepted by the Salon, and she showed several more there over the next few years, receiving encouraging reviews. However, she was attracted to progressive ideas in art, particularly after she met Manet in 1868 (she married his brother in 1874), and she made her last submission to the Salon in 1873. Instead she became one of the mainstays of the Impressionist exhibitions, helping with their organization and showing her work in seven out of the eight (she missed the fourth in 1879 because she was ill following the birth of her only child).

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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