British painter, born at Letchworth, Hertfordshire. He studied at the Luton School of Art, 1948–50, and after doing National Service in Hong Kong, at St Alban's School of Art, 1952–4, and at the *Royal College of Art, 1954–7. From 1957 he spent a good deal of his time in the USA (he settled in New York permanently in 1976). In his early work he was influenced by both the vigorous handling of *Abstract Expressionism and the brash imagery of American advertising, with allusions to billboards and packaging, so linking the preoccupations of the *Situation group, with whom he exhibited, to those of *Pop through a fascination with the rhetorical power of sheer scale. From about 1963 he used *shaped canvases, which he sometimes made project from the wall, turning the picture into a three-dimensional object.

Text source: A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (Oxford University Press)

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