(Born East Bergholt, Suffolk, 11 June 1776; died Hampstead, Middlesex [now in London], 31 March/1 April 1837). English painter, ranked with his contemporary Turner as one of the two greatest figures in the history of British landscape painting. Both of them brought a new freedom and inventiveness to their subject and they had a good deal of mutual respect. However, their temperaments and goals differed greatly and their careers were strongly contrasting. Whereas Turner was precocious and soon achieved critical and financial success, Constable was slow to mature and had difficulty in making a name in England (he was more appreciated in France). He was the son of a prosperous corn merchant, and was trained for a career in the family business.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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