James II (1633–1701)

Image credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London

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A half-length portrait to right in a feigned oval. He wears gold embossed armour and silver-edged red material appears beneath the pouldrons with red silk bows beneath his lace neckcloth. He wears a brown full-bottomed wig in the French style and the ribbon of the Garter. The portrait is believed to have been painted shortly after James's accession to the throne of Great Britain and Ireland in 1685. This is reflected in the depiction of the armour that incorporates the rose of England and the lily of France. As Duke of York during his exile in the Commonwealth period, James was a professional soldier in Europe and won a reputation for bravery. When his elder brother Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660 he became his Lord High Admiral until excluded from office as a Catholic under the Test Act of 1673.

National Maritime Museum



James II (1633–1701)




oil on canvas


H 76.2 x W 46.1 cm

Accession number


Work type



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