Italian painter, sculptor, designer, and writer, the originator of *Metaphysical Painting. He was born at Volo in Greece, the son of a railway engineer who was working there, and had an old-fashioned training at the Athens Polytechnic, 1903–5, followed by a year at the Academy in Florence, 1905–6. When his father died in 1906 his mother moved the family to Munich for the sake of her sons' education; Giorgio studied at the Academy and his brother, who later adopted the name Alberto *Savinio, continued his musical training under the composer Max Reger. De Chirico found the instruction at the Academy boring, but he was influenced by the *Symbolist work of Max *Klinger and the Swiss painter Arnold Böcklin (1827–1901), with their juxtaposition of the commonplace and the fantastic.

Text source: A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (Oxford University Press)

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