(b Caravaggio, nr. Bergamo, c.1499; d Messina, ?1543). Italian painter, named after his birthplace in Lombardy. At an early age he moved to Rome, where he assisted Raphael in the decoration of the Vatican Loggie and then achieved great success painting palace façades with monochrome scenes imitating classical sculpture. They have almost all perished (only the heavily restored decoration of the Palazzo Ricci remains in situ), but they were highly regarded in the 16th and 17th centuries and became well known through engravings and drawings (Rubens was among the artists who copied them), making Polidoro, together with Giulio Romano, the most influential of Raphael's followers. Polidoro's other main claim to fame is his decoration of the chapel of Fra Marino Fetti in S.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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