Mary I of England (1516–1558), and Philip II of Spain (1527–1598)

Image credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London

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This is a copy, though with some differences, of the panel painting of 1558 at Woburn Abbey, traditionally ascribed to Lucas de Heere. Mary is seated full-length on the right in a black overdress with fur on the sleeves and gold brocade embroidered underdress, with the headdress of the 1550s. Her facial characteristics, which do not resemble other portraits of Mary, have been intentionally idealised to flatter the sitter. Philip is standing on the left in a black doublet and hat and white hose. He is wearing the Order of the Garter. They are portrayed in a room, physically separated by a window with an open casement, through which is a view of St Paul's and the Thames. Mary became Queen of England and Ireland in 1553. The following year, against the advice of her councilors, she married her first cousin, Philip of Spain, son of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

National Maritime Museum



Mary I of England (1516–1558), and Philip II of Spain (1527–1598)


oil on canvas


H 106.1 x W 77.4 cm

Accession number


Work type



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