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Photo credit: The Khalili Collections

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The front valve of the fan is painted with a military trophy surmounted by a crown and crescent moon; in the centre is a cartouche of translucent blue enamel with gold initials IP, for Isma'il Pasha, a grandson of Muhammad 'Ali Pasha and Khedive of Egypt from 1863 to 1879. Before 1863 Isma'il made several journeys to Europe as an envoy of his uncle Sa'id Pasha and spent time at the Ottoman court in Istanbul. Upon his accession he put this experience to use by reforming many of Egypt's institutions and placing an emphasis on the country's potential as a leading force both in the Middle East and in Africa. Although foreign opposition eventually led to his deposition, he played a major role in the emergence of Egypt as a modern country. The Khedive Isma'il's inevitable exposure to European art in the course of his travels, makes it particularly appropriate that this fan combines elements from both cultures.

The Khalili Collections







gold, painted, champlevé & basse-taille enamel & ostrich feathers

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The Khalili Collections

London, Greater London England

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