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Zeus-Ammon was a syncretic god worshipped as an oracle in parts of ancient Greece. He was a hybrid of Zeus, the most powerful god in the Greek pantheon, and the ancient Egyptian sun god, Amun-Re (Ammon in Greek). This bust is a Roman copy after a Greek original, combining the classical image of the bearded Zeus with the twisted ram’s horns of the Egyptian god Amun-Re. In ancient Egyptian art, Amun-Re is often depicted with a man’s body and a ram’s head, emphasising his life-giving energy and fertility. The powerfully carved hair and beard give a sense of Zeus’s majesty and authority, while the open mouth appears to indicate Zeus-Ammon’s oracular power.
1st C BC
H 46 x W 33 x D 25.5 cm