Thomas Cecil Gray, Dean of the Faculty of Anaesthetists (1964–1967)

© the copyright holder. Image credit: Royal College of Anaesthetists

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Thomas Cecil Gray, CBE, KCSG, was a pioneering British anaesthetist. He was born in Liverpool in 1913 and educated at Ampleforth College in Yorkshire. At the age of 18, he joined the order of monks at the Benedictine college of Ampleforth, but after two months it became clear that this was not the vocation for him and he returned to Liverpool to pursue medicine, qualifying in 1937. He began a career in General Practice, giving anaesthetics for his patients when they needed surgery. Anaesthesia became his main interest. Returning to Liverpool University in 1947 as Reader, he established the Department of Anaesthesia, and introduced tubocurarine with mechanical lung ventilation. This became known as the ‘Liverpool technique’, based on the triad of unconsciousness, analgesia and muscle relaxation, with a markedly lower complication rate than deep inhalational anaesthesia.

Royal College of Anaesthetists



Thomas Cecil Gray, Dean of the Faculty of Anaesthetists (1964–1967)




oil on canvas


H 69 x W 49 cm

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Royal College of Anaesthetists

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