Sigmund Freud (1856–1939)

Image credit: Freud Museum London

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This portrait was commissioned by Freud’s pupils and colleagues to commemorate his 70th birthday. It is very much an official image, celebrating him as a wise and severe master.

When Freud arrived in England, a popular newspaper printed an article about him with the title 'He sees through you', and the portrait illustrates this idea. Freud is thought to represent the concept of the super-ego or conscience, which in Freudian terms is a kind of internalised parent who punishes more than he rewards.

Freud Museum London



Sigmund Freud (1856–1939)




black lithographic crayon & white chalk on paper


H 68.4 x W 53.6 cm

Accession number

LDFRD 4864

Work type



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Normally on display at

Freud Museum London

20 Maresfield Gardens, London, Greater London NW3 5SX England

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