Charles II (1630–1685)

Image credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London

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A full-length portrait to right in Garter robes and brown full-bottomed wig, the regalia is on a table on the right. His right hand is raised as he supports his cloak and in his left hand he holds a plumed hat. In the background is a crown and richly ornate gold curtains set against a backdrop of clouds and sky. There is a highly decorated pillar on the left. Charles II fled England in 1649 when his father was executed by Cromwell’s Roundheads. He returned in 1660 as Britain’s new King when the monarchy was restored albeit with fewer privileges than they had before the Civil War. Charles’s reign was a peaceful and for the most part a tolerant one, earning him the nickname the 'Merry Monarch’. He was less tolerant over the phenomenon of coffee houses which were spreading through the capital.

National Maritime Museum



Charles II (1630–1685)




oil on canvas


H 214.6 x W 134.62 cm

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