(b Marseilles, 14 Oct. 1824; d Marseilles, 29 June 1886). French painter, active in his native Marseilles and in Paris. He was a pupil of Paul Delaroche, but he learned more from his studies of Old Masters in the Louvre; he was also influenced by his friends Delacroix and Diaz de la Peña. His subjects included landscapes, portraits, still lifes, fêtes galantes in the spirit of Watteau, and scenes from the circus, painted in brilliant colours and thick impasto that influenced van Gogh. He enjoyed great success in Paris in the 1860s, but after the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 he returned to Marseilles and led a retiring life. His work is represented in many French museums, and he has been much forged.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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