(b Seville, c.1590; d Madrid, 29 Sept. 1654). Spanish painter and engraver, a representative of the transition from Mannerism to Baroque. He spent most of his career in Seville, and with his older contemporary Roelas, under whose influence he developed, he helped to prepare the way for the naturalistic style characteristic of the following generation of painters in the city. St Basil Dictating his Rule (c.1639, Louvre, Paris), which is generally considered his masterpiece, shows his work at its most bold and vigorous. In about 1650 Herrera moved to Madrid. According to Palomino, he was a ‘harsh and ill-tempered man’ whose pupils never stayed with him very long. Velázquez is said to have been one of these short-lived pupils, as was his son, Francisco Herrera the Younger (bapt.
Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)